Specialists in Earwax Removal


Cholesteatoma

Cholesteatoma - James David Hearing Care

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Cholesteatoma is an abnormal growth that can develop in the middle ear or behind the eardrum. It is formed from a pocket where dead skin cells collect and can cause a variety of symptoms, including ear pain, discharge from the ear, hearing loss, and dizziness. If left untreated they can cause serious complications, including permanent hearing loss and infection. In this article, we’ll explore the symptoms, causes, and potential treatments.

 

Cholesteatoma – how they develop 

Cholesteatoma can develop in several ways. In some cases, it may be the result of a malfunction of the Eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear to the back of the throat. When the Eustachian tube does not function properly, pressure can build up in the middle ear, leading to the development of cholesteatoma. This is especially true for individuals who suffer from chronic ear infections. The repeated infections can damage the delicate structures of the ear and create an environment where cholesteatoma can thrive.

Another way they can also develop is as a result of a perforation or tear in the eardrum. In some cases, it may also be caused by damage through injury or surgery in the ear. Regardless of the cause, cholesteatoma can increase the risk of hearing loss and infection. It’s important to understand the potential complications of cholesteatoma and take steps to manage your symptoms.

 

Cholesteatoma – treatments

Fortunately, there are several treatments available for cholesteatoma, depending on the severity of your condition. In some cases, a simple procedure may be all that is needed to remove the growth and restore hearing. This can involve a minimally invasive surgery, such as a myringotomy, which involves making a small incision in the eardrum to drain fluid and remove the growth. More advanced cases may require more extensive surgery to remove the growth and repair any damage to the middle ear. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to treat any infections that have developed as a result of cholesteatoma.

 

Cholesteatoma – how will you know?

Early intervention is critical, so these steps are important to reduce your risk. Firstly, get your hearing and ears regularly checked. Cholesteatomas are regularly spotted during an otoscopy examination, so annual check ups are key. Secondly, if you notice sudden hearing loss, particularly if only in one side, seek urgent help. Finally, if you notice blood coming from your ears this is a huge red flag. Seek immediate support.

In conclusion, cholesteatoma is an abnormal growth that can develop in the middle ear or behind the eardrum. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including chronic ear infections, damage through injury or surgery in the ear, and a malfunction of the Eustachian tube. Regardless of the cause, it’s important to seek treatment immediately to prevent complications such as hearing loss and infection. If you are experiencing symptoms, be sure to speak with your doctor or an ear specialist for guidance. 

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